Types of land surveying

  • 4 min lectura

A land survey involves locating and measuring both man-made and natural objects using the basics of geometry, mathematics, and other sciences. By using the UNI-GR1, a land surveyor easily measures things such as square meters, angles, and boundaries on any desired property using GNSS.

There are multiple forms of land survey where you stake-out to generate data, this blog just scratches the surface with you by going over a few of them.

Boundary survey

A boundary survey is used to locate boundary lines and corners of a piece of land. This form involves both desk and field research, the latter might be used to control already available data from the former. Boundary survey includes any measurements to set boundary lines to comply with local laws and regulations, but might also involve locating easement lines.

Construction survey

This form involves staking out buildings, roads, walls and other constructions that are located on a specific property. Measuring and staking precisely provides construction workers with directions how to implement improvements that are shown on development plans. A construction survey could also involve horizontal and vertical grading alignments.

Location survey

Location and the earlier discussed boundary survey, could easily be confused. Both sorts of survey provide extra information on the location of interior improvements. However, location survey is mostly used for meeting the requirements of loan applications or zoning permits, while boundary survey is used to locate lines and corners within a piece of land.

Site planning survey

Site planning is the design and planning process for a new development project, this type of survey is usually required to receive a development permit. It combines boundary and topographic surveys for site planning. The results are used to plan design improvements before the actual construction is started.

Usually, this form is used to design house lots, playgrounds, stores, subdivisions, streets, and highways. Basically, everything you see and need in your local neighbourhood.

Subdivision survey

When someone wants to divide a parcel of land into smaller parts, a subdivision survey makes most sense to conduct. This form of survey is also used to design drainages and entire streets, usually need these results some sort of approval by (local) government.There are multiple forms of land survey where you stake-out to generate data, this blog just scratches the surface with you by going over a few of them.

Topographic survey

This survey is meant for location topographic features on land, both natural and man-made ones. These features include buildings and their utilities, elevators, fences, and trees. While most land surveys are a result of government requirements, a topographic one could be requested by architects and engineers, during the process of planning site developments and improvements.

This survey is not limited by boundaries of an individual property, which the implementation of the combination of aerial photography and ground field methods show.

Any other types?

Are these six the only types of surveying? No, definitely not. But they do provide a short introduction into the world of (land) surveying and where our UNI and, especially UNI-Complete, could be used for. We gladly provide any advice or information on other uses when you get in touch with us. There are multiple forms of land survey where you stake-out to generate data, this blog just scratches the surface with you by going over a few of them.

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